Trees as affordances for connectedness to place– a framework to facilitate children’s relationship with nature


  • Children’s use of trees increased gradually as their connection with the place developed.
  • Trees provided materials, play space and activities that responded to children’s needs.
  • Experience and scaffolding around trees taught the children how to manage tree-related risks.
  • The main findings are represented in a framework that indicates the preconditions, phases and manifestations of the children’s connectedness to place.


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